Nepal is a living museum that people cannot resist to explore. Nepal is situated between two giant countries India in the east, west and south and China in the north. Being small in area of 147,181 sq. km. also, Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic. The unique variation has given Nepal a varied ecosystem, thick tropical and alpine forests swarmed with diverse wildlife, great peaks of the world, frozen valleys, deep gorges, mysterious canyons, fast and furious rivers, running hills and cool and calm lakes. Nepal is also known by different names such as the birthplace of Lord Buddha, as well as the land of tremendous beauty and diversity.
Nepal occupies just 0.1% of the earth. It is home to 2% of all flowering plants in the world, 8% (848 species) of the total birds in the world, 4% of mammals on earth, 11 of 15 butterfly families found in the world (500 species), 600 indigenous plant families and 319 exotic species of orchids.
Nepal has a population of 26.62 million, with more than 101 different ethnic groups speaking 92 different languages. Nepal bags a colorful array of vibrant cultures, exotic traditions, feasts and festivals lined up every month, unique and wonderful art and architecture and the warm hospitality that people share with each other.
Entry / Exit by air
International Airlines operating from/to Kathmandu are Air China (Lhasa), Nepal Airlines (Bangkok, Doha, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Delhi), Jet Airways, Jet Lite, Spice Jet, Kingfisher, Biman Bangladesh, United Airways, GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Oman Air (Muscat), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Mumbai), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi), Qatar Airways (Doha), Royal Druk Air (Paro), Singapore Airlines (Singapore), China Southern (Gonzhou), China Eastern (Kunming), Buddha Air (Luknnow), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Fly Dubai / Air Arabia (Dubai, Sharjaha), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Korean Air (Seoul) and Thai Airways (Bangkok).
Entry / Exit by land
All visitors entering Nepal by land must use following points for entry and exit from Nepal.
- Kakarvitta (Eastern Nepal)
- Birgunj (Central Nepal)
- Kodari, (Northern Border)
- Belahia, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
- Jamunaha, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
- Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
- Gadda Chauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)
Tourists entering and leaving the country apart from the above points shall be taken as the violation of Immigration rules.
The overland tourists entering Nepal with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.
- Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel documents equivalent to
passport issued by the Govt. for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.
- Tourist entry visa can be obtained from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices
abroad or on arrival in Nepal. Tourist must submit copy of valid passport, passport sized photo and should pay amount of money taken as charge for passport to obtain passport.
- Free visa for all tourists who visit Nepal only for 3 days.
Single Entry 60 Days US$ 30
Multiple Entry 90 Days US$ 100
Multiple Entry 30 Days US$ 40
Multiple Entry 15 Days US$ 25
Visa Extension: Visa can be extended for 30 days on payment of US$ 30.00 for a maximum of period of 150 days in Visa year (January – December).
Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transaction are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange money at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival also. Indian Currency Rs. 500/- and Rs. 1,000/- note is not allowed to be brought into Nepal and will not be exchanged and will not be accepted for transaction of any kind.
All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquors, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, arms and ammunition are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archaeology.